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Chronological List of US History Events 1750-1799

This chronological US history timeline provides US Horoscopes a comprehensive, but not necessarily complete list of events we can use to test various US horoscopes against. Please request the addition any important dates in comments

  • September 2, 1752 – Britain and the colonies under its control adopt the Gregorian calendar.
  • March 5, 1770 – British troops fire on a rock throwing crowd (known as “The Boston Massacre”).
  • June 9, 1772 – The 1st naval Battle of the American Revolution off the coast of Rhode Island.
  • December 16, 1773 – The “Boston Tea Party” takes place as residents disguised as indians throw crates of tea into Boston Harbor.
  • June 2, 1774 – Martial Law is declared in Massachussetts.
  • October 26, 1774 – The Minute Men are established in America.

 

The Revolutionary War

 

  • April 19, 1775 – The Revolutionary War officially begins with the Battles of Lexington and Concord.
  • May 10, 1775 – American forces take the British fort at Ticonderoga, New York.
  • June 12, 1775 – 2nd naval Battle of the American Revolution takes place.
  • June 14, 1775 – The Continental Army is established by the Continental Congress.
  • June 15, 1775 – George Washington is appointed to Commander-in-Cheif of the Continental Army.
  • June 17, 1775 – British troops win the Battle of Breed’s Hill.
  • August 22, 1775 – King George III officially declares a state of open rebellion in the American colonies.
  • November 28, 1775 – The Continental Navy is established by the Continental Congress.
  • December 22, 1775 – Esek Hopkins is appointed to Commodore of the Navy.
  • July 4, 1776 – The United States declares its Independence from Britain (by apporving the Declaration of Independence).
  • September 6, 1776 – The first submarine, the Turtle, is used in Battle in New York Harbor.
  • December 25, 1776 – American forces cross the Deleware River and attack British forces at Trenton.
  • September 19, 1777 – American forces win the 1st Battle of Saratoga.
  • December 7, 1777 – The 2nd Battle of Saratoga begins.
  • December 17, 1777 – American forces win the 2nd Battle of Saratoga.
  • January 5, 1778 – Naval mines are used for the 1st time by the Continental Navy.
  • May 4, 1778 – The Continental Congress ratifies the Treaty of Alliance with France.
  • July 9, 1778 – The Continental Congress approves the Articles of Confederation.
  • February 5, 1778 – South Carolina is the 1st State to ratify the Articles of Confederation.
  • July 21, 1778 – North Carolina to ratify the Articles of Confederation.
  • July 22, 1778 – Pennsylvania to ratify the Articles of Confederation.
  • July 24, 1778 – Georgia to ratify the Articles of Confederation.
  • August 8, 1778 – New Hampshire to ratify the Articles of Confederation.
  • November 26, 1778 – New Jersey to ratify the Articles of Confederation.
  • May 5, 1779 – Deleware to ratify the Articles of Confederation.
  • January 30, 1781 – Maryland is the 13th State to ratify the Articles of Confederation.
  • October 19, 1781 – American/French forces win the Battle of Yorktown.
  • November 5, 1781 – John Hanson is elected the 1st President of the United States by the Continental Congress.
  • August 7, 1782 – Gen. George Washington creates the Order of the Purple Heart (for soldiers wounded in battle).
  • September 3, 1783 – The Treaty of Paris 1783 is signed by Britain and the United States, officially ending the Revolutionary War as the United States is recognized as a sovereign nation.

 

The New Nation

 

  • September 3, 1783 – The United States gains what is currently Indiana, Illinois, Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio, Tennessee, Wisconsin, and parts of Alabama, Georgia, Minnesota, Mississippi, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia as a result of the Treaty of Paris 1783.
  • November 2, 1783 – The Continental Army is disbanded.
  • August 8, 1786 – The Continental Congress adopts the “Dollar” and decimal coinage.
  • February 21, 1787 – The Continental Congress adopts a resolution calling for a convention of state delegates to draw up a change to the Articles of Confederation.
  • May 17, 1787 – Delegates begin meeting in Philadelphia to draw up a change to the Articles of Confederation.
  • May 25, 1787 – George Washington is elected President of the Philadelphia convention.
  • September 17, 1787 – The delegates at the Philadelphia convention approve the Constitution and sends it to the Continental Congress.
  • September 28, 1787 – The Continental Congress sends the new Constitution to the states for ratification.
  • October 27, 1787 – The 1st of the Federalist Papers is published in a New York newspaper, calling for a Bill of Rights (written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay).
  • December 7, 1787 – Deleware is the 1st state to ratify the Constitution. Delaware, one of the thirteen colonies, gained its distinction as the “First State” when it was the first to ratify the Constitution on December 7, 1787.

  • Area – 2,397 sq. miles

  • Capital – Dover

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • December 12, 1787 – Pennsylvania is the 2nd state to ratify the Constitution. In September 1787, the U.S. Constitution was signed in Philadelphia and on December 12, 1787, Pennsylvania, one of the thirteen colonies, became the second state.

  • Area – 45,759 sq. miles

  • Capital – Harrisburg

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • December 18, 1787 – New Jersey is the 3rd state to ratify the Constitution. New Jersey, one of the thirteen colonies, became the third state on December 18, 1787

  • Area – 8,215 sq. miles

  • Capital – Trenton

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • January 2, 1788 – Georgia is the 4th state to ratify the Constitution. Georgia, one of the thirteen colonies, ratified the U.S. Constitution on January 2, 1788, becoming the fourth state to do so; it joined the Confederacy on January 19, 1861, and re-entered the Union after the Civil War.

  • Area – 58,977 sq. miles

  • Capital – Atlanta

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • January 9, 1788 – Connecticuit is the 5th state to ratify the Constitution. Connecticut, one of the thirteen colonies, became the fifth state on January 9, 1788.

  • Area – 5,544 sq. miles

  • Capital – Hartford

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • February 6, 1788 – Massachussetts is the 6th state to ratify the Constitution. Originally part of the thirteen colonies, Massachusetts became a state on February 6, 1788

  • Area – 9,241 sq. miles

  • Capital – Boston

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • April 28, 1788 – Maryland is the 7th state to ratify the Constitution. Maryland became the seventh state on April 28, 1788. During the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln placed Maryland under military control.

  • Area – 12,297 sq. miles

  • Capital – Annapolis

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • May 23, 1788 – South Carolina is the 8th state to ratify the Constitution. South Carolina, one of the thirteen colonies, became the eighth state on May 23, 1788. On December 20, 1860, South Carolina became the first state to secede form the Union. It re- entered after the Civil War.

  • Area – 31,189 sq. miles

  • Capital – Columbia

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • June 21, 1788 – New Hampshire is the 9th state to ratify the Constitution. In a sense, New Hampshire, originally one of the thirteen colonies, “created” the new nation by becoming the ninth state on June 21, 1788, meeting the requirement for nine states to ratify the Constitution.

  • Area – 9,283 sq. miles

  • Capital – Concord

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • June 21, 1788 – The United States Constitution goes into effect now that the necissary 9 states have ratified it.
  • June 25, 1788 – Virginia is the 10th state admitted to the Union. Virginia one of the thirteen colonies, became the 10th state on June 25, 1788. Richmond became the capital of the Confederacy on May 29, 1861, but re-entered the Union after the war.

  • Area – 67,468 sq. miles

  • Capital – Richmond

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • July 26, 1788 – New York is the 11th state admitted to the Union. On July 26, 1788, New York , one of the thirteen colonies, became the 11th state.

  • Area – 53,989 sq. miles

  • Capital – Albany

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • April 1, 1789 – The United States House of Repersentatives holds its 1st full meeting in New York City.
  • April 21, 1789 – John Adams is sworn in as the 1st Vice President of the United States.
  • April 30, 1789 – George Washington is sworn in as the 1st President of the United States.
  • September 25, 1789 – The United States Congress adopts the Bill of Rights (containing the 1st 10 Amendments) and sends it to the states to be ratified.
  • September 29, 1789 – The United States Army is established.
  • November 21, 1789 – North Carolina is the 12th state admitted to the Union. North Carolina, one of the thirteen colonies, became the 12th state on November 21, 1789. North Carolina troops suffered the greatest losses of all the states during the Civil War while fighting for the Confederacy, re-entered the Union after the fighting ceased.

  • Area – 52,672 sq. miles

  • Capital – Raleigh

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • April 3, 1790 – The United States Coast Gaurd is established.
  • May 29, 1790 – Rhode Island is the 13th state admitted to the Union. Rhode Island was the last of the thirteen colonies to join the Union on May 29, 1790.

  • Area – 1,231 sq. miles

  • Capital – Providence

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • December 21, 1790 – Samuel Slater opens the first textile factory in Pawtucket, Rhode Island.
  • March 4, 1791 – Vermont is the 14th state admitted to the Union. Vermont became the first state added to the Union following the 13 colonies on March 1, 1791.

  • Area – 9,615 sq. miles

  • Capital – Montpelier

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • December 15, 1791 – The Bill of Rights (containing the 1st 10 Amendments) is ratified by 3/4ths of the states and becomes a part of the U.S. Constitution.
  • February 20, 1792 – The United States Postal Service is established.
  • April 2, 1792 – The United States Mint is established.
  • May 8, 1792 – The United States Military Draft is established.
  • June 1, 1792 – Kentucky is the 15th state admitted to the Union. Kentucky became the first state to be carved from the great western wilderness on June 1, 1792.

  • Area – 40,411 sq. miles

  • Capital – Frankfort

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • December 5, 1792 – George Washington was re-elected president of the United States; John Adams was re-elected vice president.
  • February 18, 1793 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules that a citizen of one state may sue a citizen of another state in Federal Court.
  • March 4, 1793 – George Washington is sworn in as President for a 2nd term.
  • March 4, 1793 – John Adams is sworn in as Vice President for a 2nd term.
  • March 5, 1794 – The 11th Amendment is passed by Congress.
  • March 27, 1794 – The United States Navy is established.
  • May 8, 1794 – The United States Post Office is established.
  • June 1, 1796 – Tennessee is the 16th state admitted to the Union. Tennessee became a state on June 1, 1796. On June 8, 1861, it joined the Confederacy and became a major battleground for the Civil War, re-entering the Union after war’s end.

  • Area – 42,145 sq. miles

  • Capital – Nashville

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • November 3, 1796 – John Adams was elected to be the second President of the United States.
  • December 7, 1796 – Electors chose John Adams to be the second president of the United States.
  • March 4, 1797 – John Adams is sworn in as the 2nd President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1797 – Thomas Jefferson is sworn in as the 2nd Vice President of the United States.
  • January 8, 1798 – The 11th Amendment is added to the Constitution.
  • July 11, 1798 – The United States Marine Corps is established.
  • May 7, 1800 – The Indiana Territory is organized.
  • May 7, 1800 – The Ohio Territory is organized.
  • December 12, 1800 – Washington, D.C. becomes the official capital of the United States. Residents of Washington were given the right to vote for president and vice president with the ratification of the 23rd Amendment in 1961. But the District of Columbia does not have statehood.

 

 

  • Area – sq. miles

  • Capital –

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • March 4, 1801 – Thomas Jefferson is sworn in as the 3rd President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1801 – Aaron Burr is sworn in as the 3rd Vice President of the Unted States.
  • March 1, 1803 – Ohio is the 17th state admitted to the Union. Ohio became the first state west of the Alleghenies on March 1, 1803.

  • Area – 44,828 sq. miles

  • Capital – Columbus

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • April 30, 1803 – The United States purchases the Louisiana Territory for $15 million, containing what is now Arkansas, part of Colorado, Iowa, Louisiana, part of Minnesota, Missouri, part of Montana, part of North Dakota, part of Oklahoma, South Dakota, and part of Wyoming.
  • December 12, 1803 – The 12th Amendment is passed by Congress.
  • May 17, 1804 – Louis & Clark begin their expedition of the Louisiana Territory.
  • September 25, 1804 – The 12th Amendment is added to the Constitution.
  • January 11, 1805 – The Michigan Territory is organized.
  • March 4, 1805 – Thomas Jefferson is sworn in as President for a 2nd term.
  • March 4, 1805 – George Clinton is sworn in as 4th Vice President of the United States.
  • November 18, 1805 – Lewis and Clark reach the Pacific Ocean.
  • September 23, 1806 – Lewis and Clark return from exploring the Louisiana Territory.
  • February 3, 1809 – The Illinois Territory is organized.
  • March 4, 1809 – James Madison is sworn in as the 4th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1809 – George Clinton is sworn in as Vice President for a 2nd term.
  • October 27, 1810 – The United States annexes what is now part of Alabama, part of Louisiana, and part of Mississippi.
  • April 30, 1812 – Louisiana is the 18th state admitted to the Union. Louisiana became the 18th state on April 30, 1812. It joined the Confederacy on January 26, 1861 and re-entered the Union after the Civil War.

  • Area – 49,650 sq. miles

  • Capital – Baton Rouge

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • May 14, 1812 – The Mississippi Territory is organized.
  • June 4, 1812 – The Missouri Territory is organized.

 

War of 1812

 

  • June 18, 1812 – United States declares war on Britain.
  • March 4, 1813 – James Madison is sworn in as President for a 2nd term.
  • March 4, 1813 – Elbridge Gerry is sworn in as the 5th Vice President for a 2nd term.
  • August 24, 1814 – The British set fire to Washington, D.C.
  • September 20, 1814 – The “Star-Spangled Banner” becomes the official national Anthem.
  • December 24, 1814 – The United States and Britain sign the Treaty of Ghent, ending the War of 1812.
  • January 8, 1815 – American forces win the Battle of New Orleans (they didn’t know the war is over).

 

The Era of Good Feelings

 

  • December 11, 1816 – Indiana is the 19th state admitted to the Union.

  • Area – 36,420 sq. miles

  • Capital – Indianapolis

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • March 3, 1817 – The Alabama Territory is organized.
  • March 4, 1817 – James Monroe is sworn in as the 5th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1817 – Elbridge Gerry is sworn in as Vice President for a 2nd term.
  • December 10, 1817 – Mississippi is the 20th state admitted to the Union.

  • Area – 48,286 sq. miles

  • Capital – Jackson

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • December 3, 1818 – Illinois is the 21st state admitted to the Union.

  • Area – 57,918 sq. miles

  • Capital – Springfield

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • February 22, 1819 – The United States annexes Florida.
  • March 2, 1819 – The Arkansas Territory is organized.
  • December 14, 1819 – Alabama is the 22nd state admitted to the Union. Alabama entered the Union on December 14, 1819. In January 1861, Alabama seceded from the Union, and on February 4, delegates from six states met at Montgomery and formed the Confederate States of America, with Montgomery as the capital. After the Civil War, Alabama re-entered the Union.

  • Area – 52,237 sq. miles

  • Capital – Montgomery

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • March 15, 1820 – Maine is the 23rd state admitted to the Union. Maine became the 23rd state on March 15, 1820. Its admission to the Union balanced the simultaneous admission of Missouri as a slave state.

  • Area – 33,741 sq. miles

  • Capital – Augusta

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • March 4, 1821 – James Monroe is sworn in as President for a 2nd term.
  • March 4, 1821 – Daniel Tompkins is sworn in as the 6th Vice President of the United States.
  • August 10, 1821 – Missouri is the 24th state admitted to the Union. Missouri was admitted as a slave state on August 10, 1821, after an agreement known as the Missouri Compromise in which Maine was admitted as a free state.

  • Area – 69,709 sq. miles

  • Capital – Jefferson City

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • March 30, 1822 – The Florida Territory is organized.
  • March 4, 1825 – John Quincy Adams is sworn in as the 6th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1825 – John Calhoun is sworn in as the 7th Vice President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1829 – Andrew Jackson is sworn in as the 7th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1829 – John Calhoun is sworn in as Vice President for a 2nd term.

 

The Age of Jackson

 

  • March 4, 1833 – Andrew Jackson is sworn in as President for a 2nd term.
  • March 4, 1833 – Martin van Buren is sworn in as the 8th Vice President of the United States.
  • June 30, 1834 – The Indian Territory is established in what is now Oklahoma.
  • Apr 20. 1836 – The Wisconsin Territory is organized.
  • June 15, 1836 – Arkansas is the 25th state admitted to the Union. Despite opposition in Congress to a new slave state, Arkansas became a state on June 15, 1836. Arkansas Governor Henry M. Rector seized Fort Smith and Arkansas joined the Confederacy in 1861 re-entering the Union at War’s end.

  • Area – 53,182 sq. miles

  • Capital – Little Rock

  • 2000 Population –

 

Manifest Destiny

 

  • March 4, 1837 – Martin van Buren is sworn in as the 8th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1837 – Richard Johnson is sworn in as the 9th Vice President of the United States.
  • January 26, 1837 – Michigan is the 26th state admitted to the Union.

  • Area – 96,705 sq. miles

  • Capital – Lansing

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • June 11, 1838 – The Iowa Territory is organized.
  • March 4, 1841 – William Harrison is sworn in as the 9th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1841 – John Tyler is sworn in as the 10th Vice President of the United States.
  • April 6, 1841 – John Tyler is sworn in as the 10th President of the United States.
  • April 12, 1844 – The United States annexes what are now parts of Colorado, New Mexico, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas as a result of the Adams-Onis Treaty with Spain.
  • March 3, 1845 – Florida is the 27th state admitted to the Union. Florida became a state on March 3, 1845, a move delayed by the reluctance of Congress to admit another slave state, and it joined the Confederacy on January 10, 1861, re-entering the Union at war’s end.

  • Area – 59,988 sq. miles

  • Capital – Tallahassee

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • March 4, 1845 – James Polk is sworn in as the 11th President of the United States.
  • April 4, 1845 – George Dallas is sworn in as the 11th Vice President of the United States.
  • December 29, 1845 – Texas is the 28th state admitted to the Union. After ten years of independence, Texas became a state on December 29, 1845.

  • Area – 267,277 sq. miles

  • Capital – Austin

  • 2000 Population –

 

 

The Mexican War

 

  • May 8, 1846 – The Mexican War begins with the Battle of Palo Alto.
  • May 13, 1846 – The United States declares war on Mexico.
  • August 22, 1846 – The United States annexes what is now Arizona and New Mexico.
  • December 28, 1846 – Iowa is the 29th state admitted to the Union. On December 28, 1846, Iowa became the first free state in the old Louisiana Territory.

  • Area – 56,276 sq. miles

  • Capital – Des Moines

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • September 14, 1847 – American forces take Mexico City.
  • February 2, 1848 – Mexico and the United States sign the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the Mexican-American War.
  • February 2, 1848 – The United States gains what is now California, Nevada, Utah, and parts of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Wyoming as a result of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
  • May 29, 1848 – Wisconsin is the 30th state admitted to the Union. According to the 1999-2000 Wisconsin Blue Book (published by the State of Wisconsin), “on May 29, 1848, Wisconsin became the 30th state in the Union.” (p. 630)

  • Area – 65,500 sq. miles

  • Capital – Madison

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • August 14, 1848 – The United States annexes the Oregon Territory containing what is now Idaho, part of Montana, Oregon, Washington, part of Wyoming.
  • March 3, 1849 – The Minnesota Territory is organized.
  • March 4, 1849 – Millard Filmore is sworn in as the 12th Vice President of the United States.
  • March 5, 1849 – Zachary Taylor is sworn in as the 12th President of the United States.
  • December 6, 1849 – Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery on the “Underground Railroad”.
  • May 30, 1850 – The Kansas Territory is organized.
  • May 30, 1850 – The Nebraska Territory is organized.
  • July 10, 1850 – Millard Fillmore is sworn in as the 13th President of the United States.
  • September 9, 1850 – California is the 31st state admitted to the Union. Congress hesitated to welcome a new free state, but because of its booming population and the discovery of gold California was admitted in September 9, 1850.

  • Area – 158,869 sq. miles

  • Capital – Sacramento

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • September 9, 1850 – The Utah Territory is organized.
  • September 18, 1850 – The Fugitive Slave Act is passed by Congress, requiring the return of escaped slaves.
  • March 2, 1853 – The Washington Territory is organized.
  • March 2, 1853 – The Oregon Territory is organized.
  • March 4, 1853 – Franklin Pierce is sworn in as the 14th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1853 – William King is sworn in as the 13th Vice President of the United States.
  • December 30, 1853 – The United States purchases what is now part of Arizona and New Mexico.
  • March 4, 1857 – James Buchanan is sworn in as the 15th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1857 – John Breckinridge is sworn in as the 14th Vice President of the United States.
  • May 11, 1858 – Minnesota is the 32nd state admitted to the Union.

  • Area – 86,943 sq. miles

  • Capital – St. Paul

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • February 14, 1859 – Oregon is the 33rd state admitted to the Union.

  • Area – 97,093 sq. miles

  • Capital – Salem

  • 2000 Population –

 

Secession

 

  • December 20, 1860 – South Carolina is the 1st state to secede from the Union.
  • January 9, 1861 – Mississippi is the 2nd state to secede from the Union.
  • January 10, 1861 – Florida is the 3rd state to secede from the Union.
  • January 11, 1861 – Alabama is the 4th state to secede from the Union.
  • January 19, 1861 – Georgia is the 5th state to secede from the Union.
  • January 26, 1861 – Louisiana is the 6th state to secede from the Union.
  • January 29, 1861 – Kansas is the 34th state admitted to the Union. Kansas became a free state on January 29, 1861, after seven years of bloody feuding between residents over whether to be admitted as a slave or free state.

  • Area – 82,282 sq. miles

  • Capital – Topeka

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • February 4, 1861 – The Confederate States of America is formed.
  • February 4, 1861 – The Apache declare war on the United States.
  • February 13, 1861 – The 1st Congressional Medal is presented to Col. Bernard Irwin.
  • February 18, 1861 – Jefferson Davis is sworn in as the 1st President of the Confederate States of America
  • February 18, 1861 – Alexander Stevens is sworn in as the 1st Vice President of the Confederate States of America.
  • February 22, 1861 – The Nevada Territory is organized.
  • February 23, 1861 – Texas is the 7th state to secede from the Union.
  • February 28, 1861 – The Colorado Territory is organized.
  • March 2, 1861 – The Dakota Territory is organized.
  • March 4, 1861 – Abraham Lincoln is sworn in as the 16th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1861 – Hannibal Hamlin is sworn in as the 15th Vice President of the United States.
  • March 11, 1861 – The Confederate Congress adopts their Constitution.
  • April 12, 1861 – Confederate forces begin an assault on Fort Sumter.
  • April 13, 1861 – After 34 hours of bombardment, Fort Sumter surrenders.
  • April 17, 1861 – Virginia is the 8th state to secede from the Union.
  • April 19, 1861 – Union blockade of Confederate ports is initiated (1st part of the Anaconda Plan).
  • April 27, 1861 – 48 counties in western Virginia secede to rejoin the Union (reducing Virginia’s size to 42,326sq. miles).
  • May 6, 1861 – Arkansas is the 9th state to secede from the Union.

 

The Civil War

 

  • May 6, 1861 – President Abraham Lincoln declares a state of insurrection in the southern states.
  • May 21, 1861 – North Carolina is the 10th state to secede from the Union.
  • May 21, 1861 – Richmond, VA. becomes the official capital city of the Confederate States.
  • June 8, 1861 – Tennessee is the 11th state to secede from the Union.
  • July 21, 1861 – Confederate forces win the 1st Battle of Bull Run.
  • October 22, 1861 – The transcontinental telegraph is completed.
  • March 9, 1862 – The 1st ironclads, the Monitor and the Merrimack , meet at the Battle of the James River (resulting in a Union victory).
  • April 7, 1862 – Union forces win the Battle of Shiloh.
  • April 14, 1862 – Union forces begin the Penninsula Campaign.
  • August 30, 1862 – Confederate forces win the 2nd Battle of Bull Run.
  • September 17, 1862 – Union forces win the Battle of Antietam.
  • September 22, 1862 – The Emancipation Proclomation is issued.
  • December 13, 1862 – Confederate forces win the Battle of Fredericksburg.
  • February 24, 1863 – The New Mexico Territory is organized.
  • February 24, 1863 – The Arizona Territory is organized.
  • May 4, 1863 – Confederate forces win the Battle of Chancellorsville.
  • June 20, 1863 – West Virginia is the 35th state admitted to the Union. On June 20, 1863, the wartime state of West Virginia was born by acceptance of the federal government.

  • Area – 24,232 sq. miles

  • Capital – Charleston

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • July 1, 1863 – The Battle of Ghettysburg begins.
  • July 3, 1863 – Union forces win the Battle Ghettysburg.
  • July 4, 1863 – Union forces capture Vicksburg, thereby taking the entire Mississippi River (2nd part of the Anaconda Plan).
  • November 25, 1863 – Union forces win the Battle of Chattanooga.
  • May 26, 1864 – The Idaho Territory is organized.
  • May 26, 1864 – The Montana Territory is organized.
  • September 1, 1864 – Union forces take Atlanta.
  • October 31, 1864 – Nevada is the 36th state admitted to the Union. On October 31, 1864, at the urging of President Abraham Lincoln, Nevada became a state. Only a short four years earlier, it had been a wilderness.

  • Area – 110,567 sq. miles

  • Capital – Carson City

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • November 16, 1864 – Union forces begin the “march to the sea”, from Atlanta to Savanah.
  • February 1, 1865 – The 13th Amendment is passed by Congress.
  • March 4, 1865 – Abraham Lincoln is sworn in as President for a 2nd term.
  • March 4, 1865 – Andrew Johnson is sworn in as the 16th Vice President of the United States.
  • March 21, 1865 – Union forces finish the “march to the sea” (by taking Savanah, Georgia).
  • April 2, 1865 – The fleeing Confederate government sets fire to Richmond.
  • April 3, 1865 – Union forces occupy the Confederate capital, Richmond (3rd part of the Anaconda Plan).
  • April 9, 1865 – The Confederate States of America surrender at Appomattox Courthouse, ending the Civil War.

 

Reconstruction

 

  • April 15, 1865 – Andrew Johnson is sworn in as the 17th President of the United States.
  • December 18, 1865 – The 13th Amendment is added to the Constitution. Jun 16, 1866 – The 14th Amendment is passed by Congress.
  • July 24, 1866 – Tennessee is the 1st state to be readmitted to the Union.
  • March 1, 1867 – Nebraska is the 37th state admitted to the Union. President Andrew Johnson vetoed the Nebraska statehood bill of 1866, but Congress overrode his veto, and Nebraska became a state on March 1, 1867

  • Area – 77,359 sq. miles

  • Capital – Lincoln

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • March 30, 1867 – The United States purchases the Alaska Territory from Russia for $7.2 million.
  • August 28, 1867 – The U.S. annexes the Midway Islands.
  • January 7, 1868 – The Arkansas constitutional convention meets in Little Rock.
  • January 7, 1868 – The Mississippi constitutional convention meets in Jackson.
  • January 14, 1868 – The North Carolina constitutional convention meets in Raliegh.
  • January 14, 1868 – The South Carolina constitutional convention meets in Columbia.
  • February 24, 1868 – The U.S. House of Representatives impeaches President Andrew Johnson.
  • March 13, 1868 – The U.S. Senate begins its Impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson
  • April 14, 1868 – South Carolina adopts a new constitution.
  • April 16, 1868 – Louisiana adopts a new constitution.
  • May 26, 1868 – The U.S. Senate acquits President Andrew Johnson of all 11 Articles of Impeachment.
  • June 1, 1868 – The Texas constitutional convention meets in Austin.
  • June 22, 1868 – Arkansas is the 2nd state to be readmitted to the Union.
  • June 25, 1868 – Florida is the 3rd state to be readmitted to the Union.
  • June 25, 1868 – Alabama is the 4th state to be readmitted to the Union.
  • June 25, 1868 – Louisiana is the 5th state to be readmitted to the Union.
  • June 25, 1868 – North Carolina is 6the th state to be readmitted to the Union.
  • June 25, 1868 – South Carolina is 7the th state to be readmitted to the Union.
  • July 23, 1868 – The 14th Amendment is added to the Constitution.
  • July 25, 1868 – The Wyoming Territory is organized.
  • December 25, 1868 – President Andrew Johnson issues an unconditional pardon to all those who participated in the southern rebellion.
  • February 27, 1869 – The 15th Amendment is passed by Congress.
  • March 4, 1869 – Ulysses Grant is sworn in as the 18th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1869 – Schuyler Colfax is sworn in as the 17th Vice President of the United States.
  • April 10, 1869 – The number of Supreme Court Justices is increased from 7 to 9.
  • May 10, 1869 – The Transcontinental Railroad is completed at Promontory Point, Utah.
  • November 17, 1869 – The Suez Canal opens for business, in Egypt, linking the Mediterranean and Red seas.
  • January 27, 1870 – Virginia is the 8th state to be readmitted to the Union.
  • February 23, 1870 – Mississippi is the 9th state to be readmitted to the Union.
  • March 30, 1870 – Texas is the 10th state to be readmitted to the Union.
  • March 30, 1870 – The 15th Amendment is added to the Constitution.
  • July 15, 1870 – Georgia is the 11th state to be readmitted to the Union.

 

Expansion

 

  • August 1, 1870 – Colorado is the 38th state admitted to the Union. After three tries Colorado was made a state on August 1, 1876.

  • Area – 104,100 sq. miles

  • Capital – Denver

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • March 4, 1873 – Ulysses Grant is sworn in as President for a 2nd term.
  • March 4, 1873 – Henry Wilson is sworn in as the 18th Vice President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1877 – William Wheeler is sworn in as the 19th Vice President of the United States.
  • March 5, 1877 – Rutherford Hayes is sworn in as the 19th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1881 – James Garfield is sworn in as the 20th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1881 – Chester Arthur is sworn in as the 20th Vice President of the United States.
  • September 20, 1881 – Chester Arthur is sworn in as the 21st President of the United States.
  • May 17, 1884 – The Alaska Territory is organized.
  • March 4, 1885 – Grover Cleveland is sworn in as the 22nd President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1885 – Thomas Hendricks is sworn in as the 21st Vice President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1889 – Benjamin Harrison is sworn in as the 23rd President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1889 – Levi Morton is sworn in as the 22nd Vice President of the United States.
  • November 2, 1889 – North Dakota is the 39th state admitted to the Union. Both North and South Dakota became states on November 2, 1889.

  • Area – 70,704 sq. miles

  • Capital – Bismarck

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • November 2, 1889 – South Dakota is the 40th state admitted to the Union. Both North and South Dakota became states on November 2, 1889.

  • Area – 77,121 sq. miles

  • Capital – Pierre

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • November 8, 1889 – Montana is the 41st state admitted to the Union.

  • Area – 147,046 sq. miles

  • Capital – Helena

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • November 11, 1889 – Washington is the 42nd state admitted to the Union.

  • Area – 70,637 sq. miles

  • Capital – Olympia

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • May 2, 1890 – The Oklahoma Territory is organized.
  • July 3, 1890 – Idaho is the 43rd state admitted to the Union.

  • Area – 83,574 sq. miles

  • Capital – Boise

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • July 10, 1890 – Wyoming is the 44th state admitted to the Union. Although the Wyoming population was not enough to qualify for statehood, it became one anyway on July 10, 1890.

  • Area – 97,819 sq. miles

  • Capital – Cheyenne

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • March 4, 1893 – Grover Cleveland is sworn in as the 24th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1893 – Adlai Stevenson is sworn in as the 23rd Vice President of the United States.

January 4, 1896 – Utah is the 45th state admitted to the Union.

  • Area – 84,904 sq. miles

  • Capital – Salt Lake City

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • March 4, 1897 – William McKinley is sworn in as the 25th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1897 – Garret Hobart is sworn in as the 24th Vice President of the United States.

 

The Spanish-American War

 

  • April 20, 1898 – The United States declares war on Spain.
  • May 1, 1898 – American forces win the Battle of Manila Bay.
  • July 1, 1898 – American forces win the Battle of Santiago.
  • July 7, 1898 – The United States annexes Hawaii.
  • July 25, 1898 – American forces invade Puerto Rico.
  • August 12, 1898 – The United States and Spain sign an armistice, ending the Spanish-American War.
  • December 10, 1898 – The United States and Spain sign the Treaty of Paris 1898, officially ending the Spanish-American War.
 
 
 

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