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Chronological List of US History Events 1900-1949

  • February 6, 1899 – The United States annexes Guam, the Phillipines, and Puerto Rico.
  • February 22, 1900 – The Hawaii Territory is organized.
  • March 4, 1901 – William McKinley is sworn in as President for a 2nd term.
  • March 4, 1901 – Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as the 25th Vice President of the United States.
  • September 14, 1901 – Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as the 26th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1905 – Theodore Roosevelt is sworn in as President for a 2nd term.
  • March 4, 1905 – Charles Fairbanks is sworn in as the 26th Vice President of the United States.
  • January 16, 1907 – Oklahoma is the 46th state admitted to the Union. Oklahoma became a state on November 6, 1907, with a population of 1,414,177, including residents in Indian Territory.

  • Area – 69,903 sq. miles

  • Capital – Oklahoma City

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • March 4, 1909 – William Taft is sworn in as the 27th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1909 – James Sherman is sworn in as the 27th Vice President of the United States.
  • July 12, 1909 – The 16th Amendment is passed by Congress.
  • January 6, 1912 – New Mexico is the 47th state admitted to the Union.

  • Area – 121,598 sq. miles

  • Capital – Santa Fe

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • February 14, 1912 – Arizona is the 48th state admitted to the Union.

  • Area – 114,006 sq. miles

  • Capital – Phoenix

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • May 16, 1912 – The 17th Amendment is passed by Congress.
  • February 25, 1913 – The 16th Amendment is added to the Constitution.
  • March 4, 1913 – Woodrow Wilson is sworn in as the 28th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1913 – Thomas Marshall is sworn in as the 28th Vice President of the United States.
  • April 8, 1913 – The 17th Amendment is added to the Constitution.
  • April 21, 1914 – American forces occupy Vera Cruz, Mexico.
  • June 28, 1914 – Princip assasinates Archduke Ferdinand of the Ottoman Empire.
  • July 18, 1914 – The United States Army Air Corps is established.

 

World War I

 

  • July 28, 1914 – World War I begins as the Ottoman Empire declares war on Bosnia.
  • July 29, 1914 – Central forces bomb Belgrade, Belgium.
  • August 4, 1914 – Central forces invade Belgium.
  • August 4, 1914 – President Wilson issues a proclamaition of neutrality.
  • August 15, 1914 – The Panama Canal opens for business.
  • August 25, 1914 – Central forces bomb Antwerp, Belgium.
  • August 25, 1914 – Central forces invade France.
  • August 30, 1914 – Central forces bomb Paris, France.
  • September 9, 1914 – Allied forces win the Battle of Marne.
  • December 24, 1914 – Central forces bomb Dover, England.
  • January 2, 1915 – Allied forces win the Battle of Sarikamis.
  • May 7, 1915 – British liner Lusiatnia is sunk by german U-Boats, killing 128 american passengers.
  • June 10, 1915 – The Girl Scouts is established.
  • July 29, 1915 – American forces invade Haiti.
  • February 21, 1916 – The Battle of Verdun begins.
  • March 9, 1916 – Pancho Villa raids Columbus, New Mexico.
  • March 15, 1916 – American forces drive Pancho Villa to Mexico.
  • June 15, 1916 – The Boy Scouts is established.
  • July 1, 1916 – The 1st Battle of Somme begins.
  • August 4, 1916 – The United States purchases the West Indies and the Virgin Islands for $25 million.
  • August 25, 1916 – The United States National Park Service is established.
  • September 3, 1916 – Allied forces win the Battle of Verdun.
  • November 18, 1916 – Allied forces win the 1st Battle of Somme.
  • January 31, 1917 – Germany declared unrestricted subamrine warfare against all ships.
  • March 2, 1917 – Puerto Rico is made a United States territory.
  • March 4, 1917 – Calvin Coolidge is sworn in as the 29th Vice President of the United States.
  • March 5, 1917 – Woodrow Wilson is sworn in as President for a 2nd term.
  • April 6, 1917 – The United States enters World War I on the side of the Allies.
  • August 5, 1917 – The United States National Gaurd is established.
  • December 17, 1917 – The 18th Amendment is passed by Congress.
  • March 3, 1918 – Russia pulls out of World War I.
  • July 15, 1918 – The 2nd Battle of the Marne begins.
  • July 18, 1918 – Allied forces win the Battle of the Aisne-Marne.
  • September 12, 1918 – The 2nd Battle of Verdun begins.
  • September 26, 1918 – The Battle of Miuse-Argonne begins.
  • September 29, 1918 – Allied forces push Central forces past the Hindenburg Line.
  • November 11, 1918 – The Allied and Central Powers sign an armistice, ending World War I.
  • January 29, 1919 – The 18th Amendment is added to the Constitution.
  • June 28, 1919 – The Treaty of Versailles is signed, ending World War I.

 

The Roaring 20’s

 

  • June 5, 1919 – The 19th Amendment is passed by Congress.
  • August 26, 1920 – The 19th Amendment is added to the Constitution.
  • March 4, 1921 – Warren Harding is sworn in as the 29th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1921 – Charles Dawes is sworn in as the 30th Vice President of the United States.
  • August 3, 1923 – Calvin Coolidge is sworn in as the 30th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1925 – Calvin Coolidge is sworn in as President for a 2nd term.
  • March 4, 1925 – Charles Curtis is sworn in as the 31st Vice President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1929 – Herbert Hoover is sworn in as the 31st President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1929 – John Garner is sworn in as the 32nd Vice President of the United States.

 

The Great Depression

 

  • October 29, 1929 – The New York Stock Market crashes to an all time low (referred to as “Black Tuesday”), signalling the start of the Great Depression.
  • March 2, 1932 – The 20th Amendment is passed by Congress.
  • January 23, 1933 – The 20th Amendment is added to the Constitution.
  • February 20, 1933 – The 21st Amendment is passed by Congress.
  • March 4, 1933 – Franklin Roosevelt is sworn in as the 32nd President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1933 – Henry Wallace is sworn in as the 33rd Vice President of the United States.
  • December 5, 1933 – The 21st Amendment is added to the Constitution.
  • March 7, 1936 – Germany invades the Rhineland (Austria).
  • January 20, 1937 – Franklin Roosevelt is sworn in as President for a 2nd term.
  • January 20, 1937 – Henry Wallace is sworn in as Vice President for a 2nd term.
  • September 1, 1939 – Germany invades Poland.

 

World War II

 

  • September 4, 1939 – France and Great Britain declare war on Germany.
  • September 28, 1939 – Germany and the Soviet Union sign the Warsaw pact, keeping the Soviet Union out of World War II.
  • June 4, 1940 – The British evaccuate over 300,000 soldiers from Dunkirk, France back accross the English Channel.
  • June 22, 1940 – France surrenders to Germany.
  • October 16, 1940 – Benjamin Davis becomes the first black General in the United States Army.
  • January 20, 1941 – Franklin Roosevelt is sworn in as President for a 3rd term.
  • January 20, 1941 – Henry Wallace is sworn in as Vice President for a 3rd term.
  • June 22, 1941 – Germany invades the Soviet Union.
  • December 7, 1941 – Japanese forces attack the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.
  • December 8, 1941 – The United States declares war on Japan.
  • December 11, 1941 – Germany and Italy declare war on the United States.
  • May 15, 1942 – Women are now allowed to serve in all branches of the armed services.
  • August 7, 1942 – United States Marines land at Guadalcanal.
  • February 2, 1943 – 200,000 german soldiers surrender at Stalingrad.
  • November 28, 1943 – Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin meet in Tehran to discuss WWII.
  • June 6, 1944 – Allied forces invade Normandy (reffered to as “D-Day”).
  • August 25, 1944 – Allied troops liberate Paris.
  • December 16, 1944 – A german surprise attack begins the Battle of the Bulge.
  • December 24, 1944 – Allied forces push the german troops past the german border.
  • January 12, 1945 – American forces liberate the Phillipines.
  • January 20, 1945 – Franklin Roosevelt is sworn in as President for a 4th term.
  • January 20, 1945 – Harry Truman is sworn in as the 34th Vice President of the United States.
  • April 12, 1945 – Harry Truman is sworn in as the 33rd President of the United States.
  • June 26, 1945 – The United Nations is established.
  • July 12, 1945 – American forces take Okinawa.
  • August 6, 1945 – The United States drops the 1st atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan.
  • August 9, 1945 – The United States drops the 2nd atomic bomb on Nagasaki, Japan.
  • September 2, 1945 – Japan unconditionally surrenders to the United States, ending World War II.

 

The Cold War

 

  • July 4, 1946 – The Phillipines, a United States protectorate, gains its independence.
  • October 1, 1946 – Nazi war criminals receive sentencing at the Nuremberg trials.
  • October 17, 1946 – Winston Churchill proclaims “an iron curtain has swept across the continent (Europe),” begining the Cold War.
  • March 24, 1947 – The 22nd Amendment is passed by Congress.
  • January 20, 1949 – Harry Truman is sworn in as President for a 2nd term.
  • January 20, 1949 – Alben Barkley is sworn in as the 35th Vice President of the United States.
  • April 4, 1949 – North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is established by Belgium, Canada, Denmark, France, Great Britain, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the United States.

 

 
 
 

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