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Chronological List of US History Events 1800-1849

  • May 7, 1800 – The Indiana Territory is organized.
  • May 7, 1800 – The Ohio Territory is organized.
  • December 12, 1800 – Washington, D.C. becomes the official capital of the United States. Residents of Washington were given the right to vote for president and vice president with the ratification of the 23rd Amendment in 1961. But the District of Columbia does not have statehood.

 

 

  • Area – sq. miles

  • Capital –

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • March 4, 1801 – Thomas Jefferson is sworn in as the 3rd President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1801 – Aaron Burr is sworn in as the 3rd Vice President of the Unted States.
  • March 1, 1803 – Ohio is the 17th state admitted to the Union. Ohio became the first state west of the Alleghenies on March 1, 1803.

  • Area – 44,828 sq. miles

  • Capital – Columbus

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • April 30, 1803 – The United States purchases the Louisiana Territory for $15 million, containing what is now Arkansas, part of Colorado, Iowa, Louisiana, part of Minnesota, Missouri, part of Montana, part of North Dakota, part of Oklahoma, South Dakota, and part of Wyoming.
  • December 12, 1803 – The 12th Amendment is passed by Congress.
  • May 17, 1804 – Louis & Clark begin their expedition of the Louisiana Territory.
  • September 25, 1804 – The 12th Amendment is added to the Constitution.
  • January 11, 1805 – The Michigan Territory is organized.
  • March 4, 1805 – Thomas Jefferson is sworn in as President for a 2nd term.
  • March 4, 1805 – George Clinton is sworn in as 4th Vice President of the United States.
  • November 18, 1805 – Lewis and Clark reach the Pacific Ocean.
  • September 23, 1806 – Lewis and Clark return from exploring the Louisiana Territory.
  • February 3, 1809 – The Illinois Territory is organized.
  • March 4, 1809 – James Madison is sworn in as the 4th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1809 – George Clinton is sworn in as Vice President for a 2nd term.
  • October 27, 1810 – The United States annexes what is now part of Alabama, part of Louisiana, and part of Mississippi.
  • April 30, 1812 – Louisiana is the 18th state admitted to the Union. Louisiana became the 18th state on April 30, 1812. It joined the Confederacy on January 26, 1861 and re-entered the Union after the Civil War.

  • Area – 49,650 sq. miles

  • Capital – Baton Rouge

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • May 14, 1812 – The Mississippi Territory is organized.
  • June 4, 1812 – The Missouri Territory is organized.

 

War of 1812

 

  • June 18, 1812 – United States declares war on Britain.
  • March 4, 1813 – James Madison is sworn in as President for a 2nd term.
  • March 4, 1813 – Elbridge Gerry is sworn in as the 5th Vice President for a 2nd term.
  • August 24, 1814 – The British set fire to Washington, D.C.
  • September 20, 1814 – The “Star-Spangled Banner” becomes the official national Anthem.
  • December 24, 1814 – The United States and Britain sign the Treaty of Ghent, ending the War of 1812.
  • January 8, 1815 – American forces win the Battle of New Orleans (they didn’t know the war is over).

 

The Era of Good Feelings

 

  • December 11, 1816 – Indiana is the 19th state admitted to the Union.

  • Area – 36,420 sq. miles

  • Capital – Indianapolis

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • March 3, 1817 – The Alabama Territory is organized.
  • March 4, 1817 – James Monroe is sworn in as the 5th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1817 – Elbridge Gerry is sworn in as Vice President for a 2nd term.
  • December 10, 1817 – Mississippi is the 20th state admitted to the Union.

  • Area – 48,286 sq. miles

  • Capital – Jackson

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • December 3, 1818 – Illinois is the 21st state admitted to the Union.

  • Area – 57,918 sq. miles

  • Capital – Springfield

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • February 22, 1819 – The United States annexes Florida.
  • March 2, 1819 – The Arkansas Territory is organized.
  • December 14, 1819 – Alabama is the 22nd state admitted to the Union. Alabama entered the Union on December 14, 1819. In January 1861, Alabama seceded from the Union, and on February 4, delegates from six states met at Montgomery and formed the Confederate States of America, with Montgomery as the capital. After the Civil War, Alabama re-entered the Union.

  • Area – 52,237 sq. miles

  • Capital – Montgomery

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • March 15, 1820 – Maine is the 23rd state admitted to the Union. Maine became the 23rd state on March 15, 1820. Its admission to the Union balanced the simultaneous admission of Missouri as a slave state.

  • Area – 33,741 sq. miles

  • Capital – Augusta

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • March 4, 1821 – James Monroe is sworn in as President for a 2nd term.
  • March 4, 1821 – Daniel Tompkins is sworn in as the 6th Vice President of the United States.
  • August 10, 1821 – Missouri is the 24th state admitted to the Union. Missouri was admitted as a slave state on August 10, 1821, after an agreement known as the Missouri Compromise in which Maine was admitted as a free state.

  • Area – 69,709 sq. miles

  • Capital – Jefferson City

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • March 30, 1822 – The Florida Territory is organized.
  • March 4, 1825 – John Quincy Adams is sworn in as the 6th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1825 – John Calhoun is sworn in as the 7th Vice President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1829 – Andrew Jackson is sworn in as the 7th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1829 – John Calhoun is sworn in as Vice President for a 2nd term.

 

The Age of Jackson

 

  • March 4, 1833 – Andrew Jackson is sworn in as President for a 2nd term.
  • March 4, 1833 – Martin van Buren is sworn in as the 8th Vice President of the United States.
  • June 30, 1834 – The Indian Territory is established in what is now Oklahoma.
  • Apr 20. 1836 – The Wisconsin Territory is organized.
  • June 15, 1836 – Arkansas is the 25th state admitted to the Union. Despite opposition in Congress to a new slave state, Arkansas became a state on June 15, 1836. Arkansas Governor Henry M. Rector seized Fort Smith and Arkansas joined the Confederacy in 1861 re-entering the Union at War’s end.

  • Area – 53,182 sq. miles

  • Capital – Little Rock

  • 2000 Population –

 

Manifest Destiny

 

  • March 4, 1837 – Martin van Buren is sworn in as the 8th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1837 – Richard Johnson is sworn in as the 9th Vice President of the United States.
  • January 26, 1837 – Michigan is the 26th state admitted to the Union.

  • Area – 96,705 sq. miles

  • Capital – Lansing

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • June 11, 1838 – The Iowa Territory is organized.
  • March 4, 1841 – William Harrison is sworn in as the 9th President of the United States.
  • March 4, 1841 – John Tyler is sworn in as the 10th Vice President of the United States.
  • April 6, 1841 – John Tyler is sworn in as the 10th President of the United States.
  • April 12, 1844 – The United States annexes what are now parts of Colorado, New Mexico, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas as a result of the Adams-Onis Treaty with Spain.
  • March 3, 1845 – Florida is the 27th state admitted to the Union. Florida became a state on March 3, 1845, a move delayed by the reluctance of Congress to admit another slave state, and it joined the Confederacy on January 10, 1861, re-entering the Union at war’s end.

  • Area – 59,988 sq. miles

  • Capital – Tallahassee

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • March 4, 1845 – James Polk is sworn in as the 11th President of the United States.
  • April 4, 1845 – George Dallas is sworn in as the 11th Vice President of the United States.
  • December 29, 1845 – Texas is the 28th state admitted to the Union. After ten years of independence, Texas became a state on December 29, 1845.

  • Area – 267,277 sq. miles

  • Capital – Austin

  • 2000 Population –

 

 

The Mexican War

 

  • May 8, 1846 – The Mexican War begins with the Battle of Palo Alto.
  • May 13, 1846 – The United States declares war on Mexico.
  • August 22, 1846 – The United States annexes what is now Arizona and New Mexico.
  • December 28, 1846 – Iowa is the 29th state admitted to the Union. On December 28, 1846, Iowa became the first free state in the old Louisiana Territory.

  • Area – 56,276 sq. miles

  • Capital – Des Moines

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • September 14, 1847 – American forces take Mexico City.
  • February 2, 1848 – Mexico and the United States sign the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, ending the Mexican-American War.
  • February 2, 1848 – The United States gains what is now California, Nevada, Utah, and parts of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Wyoming as a result of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
  • May 29, 1848 – Wisconsin is the 30th state admitted to the Union. According to the 1999-2000 Wisconsin Blue Book (published by the State of Wisconsin), “on May 29, 1848, Wisconsin became the 30th state in the Union.” (p. 630)

  • Area – 65,500 sq. miles

  • Capital – Madison

  • 2000 Population –

 

  • August 14, 1848 – The United States annexes the Oregon Territory containing what is now Idaho, part of Montana, Oregon, Washington, part of Wyoming.
  • March 3, 1849 – The Minnesota Territory is organized.
  • March 4, 1849 – Millard Filmore is sworn in as the 12th Vice President of the United States.
  • March 5, 1849 – Zachary Taylor is sworn in as the 12th President of the United States.
  • December 6, 1849 – Harriet Tubman escapes from slavery on the “Underground Railroad”.
 
 
 

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